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The willingness to report crimes within the context ofa victim’s psychological circumstances


0000-0002-5049-7225   0000-0002-1204-0988

Subject and Keywords:

crime victim’s psychological circumstances   resistance against crime report   treatment of crime victims


The authors rely on Tadeusz Tomaszewski’s theory of psychological circumstance. The theory distinguishes between normal and difficult circumstances. A person’s par-ticular circumstances (for example a crime victim’s circumstances) may be analyzed objectively and subjectively. The first of these assumes that elements of the situation are described from the outside (independently on the entity’s psychological features and his or her experience). The second demands finding the situation from the entity’s per-spective. Law enforcement personnel should be able to determine a victim’s subjective psychological circumstances and be able to adjust it to the situation. It allows to reduce a victim’s resistance against crime reporting and allows the reduction of the impact of vic-timization and secondary victimization. This approach requires adequately trained stuff.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:



ISSN 2084-5065   ISSN 0239-6661




pol   eng


Nowa Kodyfikacja Prawa Karnego, ISSN 2084-5065, t. 55, 2020, s. 83-103

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

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Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.

Autor opisu:

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