Object structure

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The purpose of misappropriation as a subjective element of the lawlessness of theft

Subject and Keywords:

short-term use   crimes directional (intentional)   misappropriation goal   theft   embezzlement


The essence of the subjective side of the crime of theft is the purpose of misappropriation; which is categorized as a directional crime (deliberate). Absence of intention to misappropriate the property defies the essence of the act of theft, but does not eliminate its illegality or guilt. The necessary constituent element of theft is acting with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of the power of disposal over his or her property. The perpetrator who acts with the intention of „short-term usage” of property has therefore no intention of misappropriating it. There are two theories of misappropriation; the first is the theory of the value of things (Sachwerttheorie), according to which the misappropriation consists of the transfer of assets from one entity and economic inclusion of those assets into the property of the perpetrator. It is therefore economic and not legal inclusion of the property into the property of the perpetrator that is important. In contrast, the theory of the substance (Substanztheorie) understands „the purpose of appropriation” as a kind of behavior involving permanent taking away the victim’s property as a physical object (substance), not including its value, and exercising ownership rights over it.

Place of publishing:



E-Wydawnictwo. Prawnicza i Ekonomiczna Biblioteka Cyfrowa. Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Detailed Type:





ISSN 2450-3932


pol   eng

WUL Catalog:

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Is part of:

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Is referenced by:



Folia Iuridica Wratislaviensis

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The use of this material is allowed only with accordance of applicable rules of fair use or other exceptions provided by law, and any broader use requires the permission of the authorized entity


Making materials available on the basis of the agreement with the owner of the property copyrights

Rights holder:

Copyright by Tomasz Tyburcy

Location of original object:

Library of the Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm   TK