Object structure

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Subject and Keywords:

feminism   equality   labor market   barriers


The main aim of the article is to present the various barriers and limitations that women face in thelabor market. The starting point is the industrial revolution and women’s unpaid labor. Other important elements discussed in the article are the negative effects of the system transformation, whichwomen still feel today, i.e., fulfilling the dual role of a housewife and an employee. Then, the articlepresents various barriers that women face in their careers. Terms that are of particular importance inthis article are “glass ceiling”, “escalator”, “sticky floor” and “token status”. Another significantaspect is related to the question of power and management. Women who have overcome the limitations and thus sit in managerial positions must always adapt the masculine style of management.

Place of publishing:



Uniwersytet Wrocławski. Wydział Nauk Społecznych. Instytut Socjologii

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doi:10.34616/142707   ISSN 2657-3679


pol   eng

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Attribution, Non-Commercial, NoDerivatives


Creative Commons - Attribution, Non-Commercial, NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)   click here to follow the link

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Copyright by Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Socjologii