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Circumstances in which it is possible to draw up an oral testament in accordance with Polish inheritance law

Alternative title:

Obstavini, pri âkih dopuskaêt’sâ ukladennâ usnogo zapovìtu zgìdno z pol’s’kim spadkovim pravom



Subject and Keywords:

Polish inheritance law   last will   special form of testament   oral testament


Tekst pol., streszcz. ang., ukr.


This article attempts to specify in what circumstances, in the light of Polish inheritance law, it is possible to make an oral testament. Th e legislator limits the possibility of using this form of will to three cases, namely to the situation when there is a fear of imminent death of the testator, or if due to special circumstances the preparation of the ordinary form of the testament is impossible or very difficult. The article contains an interpretation of the provision stipulating the possibility of making an oral testament only when either of these circumstances occurred. For this purpose, among other things, it was considered whether accepting that there is concern about the imminent death of the testator must be justified by objective or subjective factors, or perhaps both of them at once. It was also considered how to treat cases when the testament is made by a person who wants to commit suicide or someone who, as a result of a medical diagnosis, is convinced that he will soon die, and this diagnosis turns out to be wrong. It was also questioned whether it is reasonable to treat an elderly person’s very old age as a circumstance justifying the fear of imminent death and, consequently, allowing an oral testament to be made. The article also refers to the issue when it can be assumed that due to special circumstances the preparation of the ordinary form of the testament is impossible or very difficult.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:



ISSN 2082-4939


PAd P 102216 II


pol   ukr   eng


Wrocławsko-Lwowskie Zeszyty Prawnicze, 2018, 9, s. 107-123

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

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Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdjm   WR U/PAdbg