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Alternative title:

On the nonexistence of the third category of entities in civil law

Subject and Keywords:

entities   the third category of entities   limited legal entities   legal entity   Civil Code


The issue of the third category of entities has been presented in this study. Various ideas and conceptions were formulated in the Polish civil law doctrine — concerning the problem mentioned above. Not every author agreed that there were basics for a theory about the existence of the third category of entities. It was important to quote some of the rulings in the discussed scope. Furthermore, the study contains attempts to look at the problem from the other side and postulates to make some fundamental changes in regulations of the Polish Civil Code in the discussed area — the issue of limited legal entities operating in civil law for a long time such entities were recognized and regulated in Art. 331 of the Polish Civil Code. The aim of this article was to find a way to simplify the matter considered by presenting the idea to drop some crucial terms that are in constant use in such considerations.

Place of publishing:



Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego

Date issued:


Date copyrighted:



ISSN 0524-4544   ISSN 0239-6661


PAd P 101182 II


pol   eng


Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, ISSN 0239-6661, No 3508. Prawo, ISSN 0524-4544, 2013, 315, nr 1, s. 195-211

Is version of:

Czasopisma Naukowe w Sieci (CNS)

Rights holder:

Copyright by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego Sp. z o.o.

Autor opisu:

WR U/PAdbg